Agriculture is one of the key foundations of human society. Agriculture has come to be recognized as an elemental component in improving the lives of people around the world given its multifaceted roles as an economic activity, as the foundation of human nutrition, and as a way of life. When seismic events such as the COVID pandemic or the 2008 crisis threaten to break the links between agriculture and the broader society, mankind is reminded of its dependence on agriculture.
Yet the current and future challenges to agriculture are unprecedented. Agricultural production and the rural way of life are among the first victims of climate change. Soil degradation threatens long-term sustainability. An imbalance in output of different agricultural products contributes to the triple nutritional burden of macro- and micro-nutrient malnutrition, and to non-communicable (chronic) diseases. Population growth demands that agriculture increase its output, at the same time as rural populations surrender to the fragility of their lifestyle and move to urban slums. All of this, occurring amidst a backdrop of climate change and increasing climate variability.
Strategic foresight analysis is one way to look at future trends in relation to their interaction with the agriculture system. Seldom has an objective foresight analysis been so needed to refocus agricultural research to meet these challenges. An initial analysis to inform the CGIAR research portfolio developed in cooperation with IFPRI and the PIM research activity on strategic foresight looked at total current economic value of crops by region. In order to provide support for targeted decisions for specific crops, such analysis must be extended to be holistic and futuristic in relation to the crop in question.
The Bean Program of the Alliance of Bioversity and CIAT has initiated such analysis for common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and presents a summary of its preliminary results in five policy briefs (see links to the set below).
Legumes have attracted increasing attention in recent years due to their multiple benefits for human nutrition and important role in crop rotations. Common bean is the grain legume of greatest direct human consumption. The policy briefs examine the future demand for common beans; their role for nutrition with reference to protein and micronutrient intake; how the bean yields can be improved and why it is important to invest in this crop.
Projections of the IMPACT model developed by IFPRI indicate that bean demand will rise sharply throughout the developing world, along with rising populations, both in absolute terms and relative to other staple crops. The surge will be especially pronounced in Sub-Saharan Africa, where population will surpass 2.5 billion by 2050. Growth in bean demand will be spurred not only by the larger number of mouths to feed, but also by the increasing per capita consumption of beans. In the future, consumers will not only eat more beans (because of growing income) but will seek new traits in the product, such as lower cooking time and added micronutrients (via biofortification). Specifically, the demand for precooked and processed bean is expected to grow in urban areas and in households with women engaged in rural off-farm employment
Read the policy briefs:
Schiek, B.; Bonilla-Cedrez, C.; Prager, S.D. (2021) Bean demand: Major drivers and desired traits. Policy Brief no. 51. Cali (Colombia): Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. 4 p. https://hdl.handle.net/10568/114953
Schiek, B.; Bonilla-Cedrez, C.; Prager, S.D. (2021) Future bean demand. Policy Brief no. 52. Cali (Colombia): Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. 6 p. https://hdl.handle.net/10568/114997
Schiek, B.; Bonilla-Cedrez, C.; Prager, S.D. (2021) Improving bean yields. Policy Brief no. 53. Cali (Colombia): Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. 4 p. https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/114954
Bonilla-Cedrez, C.; Schiek, B.; Prager, S.D. (2021) Beans for nutrition: The future roles of common beans in healthy diets. Policy Brief no. 54. Cali (Colombia): Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. 6 p. https://hdl.handle.net/10568/114995
Schiek, B.; Bonilla-Cedrez, C.; Prager, S.D. (2021) Beans: a crop to invest in. Policy Brief no. 55. Cali (Colombia): Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. 6 p. https://hdl.handle.net/10568/114991
Originally posted at https://pim.cgiar.org/2021/10/22/beans-beans-and-the-power-of-genes/