Breeding for stress-resilient crops strongly depends on technological and biological advancements that have provided a wealth of information on genetic variants and their contribution to stress tolerance. In the context of the upcoming challenges for agriculture due to climate change, such as prolonged and/or increased stress intensities, CO2 increase and stress combinations, hierarchizing this information is key to accelerating crop improvement towards sustained or even increased productivity. We propose traits with high scalability to yield and crop performance that can be targeted for improvement and provide examples of recent discoveries with potential applicability in breeding. Critical to success is the integrated analysis of the phenotypes of genetic variants across different environmental variables using modelling approaches and high-throughput phenotyping.