Nigeria is the second-largest aquaculture producer in Africa, with a high demand and preference for
fish among consumers. However, the role and potential of aquaculture to achieve goals for improving
smallholder income, dietary diversification and women’s empowerment have yet to be realized. In
partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), WorldFish launched a comprehensive
study in January 2019 to fill critical knowledge gaps and provide an evidence base to inform future
investment decisions that would facilitate inclusive growth of the sector. The 18-month study focused on
identifying aquaculture sector bottlenecks for inclusive growth, based on fish production, consumption
and value chain models that have high potential to positively impact smallholder income, nutrition, youth
employment and women’s empowerment at scale.
This document provides an analysis of the data and information gathered during the WorldFish/BMGF
2019 scoping study of the Nigerian aquaculture sector, outlining the evidence-based opportunities toward
increasing the contribution of fish to people in Nigeria, especially the rural poor and smallholders, in the
coming decades.